重温林肯和特朗普葛底斯堡演说,重新认识中国面临的挑战!

中环陆羽茶室2019-01-16 08:58:16

源自:一瓣(ID:yibanshuping)


日,人大國發院研究員楊其靜老師的一篇舊聞《政策簡報 | 特朗普當選,中國面臨巨大挑戰》刷屏,文中的語預言彈無虛發。

 

毛主席的作戰思想——戰略上藐視敵人,戰術上重視敵人,本屆人民只學會了一半。只會戰略上藐視敵人,結果自己當真了,戰術上也就沒有重視敵人的激勵了。


國內常有文章說,中國誤判了美國,而誤判的根源,就在於不重視。為什麼不重視?咱們覺得特朗普是個演員,咱們覺得自己深諳美國選舉政治的把戲,咱們覺得還可以用“陽奉陰為”的把戲把把美國當猴耍。結果,特朗普這次放的不是狼煙。


木心先生說:沒有自我的人自我感覺都特別良好。

 

楊老師的文章中,對特朗普政策的判斷,都是這篇演講的內容。特朗普也是彈無虛發。在過去的一年多時間裡,特朗普對美國人民做的承諾,都在一一兌現,這才叫“改革”。


今年是中國改革開放40周年,能不能來點實質性的改革?何謂實質?把那些口號真的兌現就好。近日,個稅改革徵求意見(已經結束),不少民間智庫提了意見(個稅改革| 我們建議:起征點提到8000,最高稅率降為30%,落實“稅權法定”原則!),看看能否被採納吧。

 

特朗普在演講中強調:我從來不是,也不想成為一個政客。他是個踏踏實實的現實主義者。在首份《國家安全戰略報告》中,他將“經濟利益”提高到“國家安全”的級別,可見其商人本質。


但在特朗普幕僚團隊中,確實有意識形態都爭者,比如班農。納瓦羅還算不上,他只是敵對中國,認為中國威脅了美國的安全。

 

特朗普的葛底斯堡演講,是其選舉的轉捩點。為什麼選在這兒?因為1863年11月19日,林肯也在此演講,那時候正值美國內戰時期,美國正處在關鍵性的十字路口。特朗普認為,美國目前也處在這樣關鍵性的十字路口處,只不過這次是對外“戰爭”,而戰爭的主要對手,是中國。

 

1、林肯“三民主義”


視頻:林肯葛底斯堡演說(電影片段)


Four score and seven years ago our fathers broughtforth onthis continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated tothe propositionthat all men are created equal.

 

八十七年以前,我們的祖先在這大陸上建立了一個國家,它孕育于自由,並且獻身給一種理念,即所有人都是生來平等的。

 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testingwhetherthat nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.Weare met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate aportionof that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave theirlivesthat that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that weshoulddo this.

 

當前,我們正在從事一次偉大的內戰,我們在考驗,究竟這個國家,或任何一個有這種主張和這種信仰的國家,是否能長久存在。我們在那次戰爭的一個偉大的戰場上集會。我們來到這裡,奉獻那個戰場上的一部分土地,作為在此地為那個國家的生存而犧牲了自己生命的人的永久眠息之所。我們這樣做,是十分合情合理的。

 

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- wecan notconsecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, livingand dead,who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power toadd ordetract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here,but itcan never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, tobededicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thusfarso nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great taskremainingbefore us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotionto thatcause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that weherehighly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that thisnation,under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government ofthepeople, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

 

可是,就更深一層意義而言,我們是無從奉獻這片土地的——無從使它成為聖地——也不能把它變為人們景仰之所。那些在這裡戰鬥的勇士,活著的和死去的,已使這塊土地神聖化了,遠非我們的菲薄能力所能左右。


世人會不大注意,更不會長久記得我們在此地所說的話,然而他們將永遠忘不了這些人在這裡所做的事。相反,我們活著的人應該獻身于那些曾在此作戰的人們所英勇推動而尚未完成的工作。


我們應該在此獻身於我們面前所留存的偉大工作——由於他們的光榮犧牲,我們要更堅定地致力於他們曾作最後全部貢獻的那個事業——我們在此立志宣誓,不能讓他們白白死去——要使這個國家在上帝的庇佑之下,得到新生的自由——要使那民有、民治、民享的政府不致從地球上消失。

 

2、特朗普“我與廣大美國選民的契約”


2016年10月22日特朗普的葛底斯堡演說

 

視頻連接:https://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMTc4MDk3ODE1Ng==.html

 

Gettysburg, PA: Today, in historic Gettysburg, PA,Donald J.Trump presented a game-changing plan for his first 100 days in office.Thisrevolutionary “Contract with the American Voter” will ensure thatAmerica’seconomy is revitalized and citizens are protected.

 

今天(22日),在葛底斯堡Gettysburg,PA,特朗普發佈了他的革命性的入主白宮100天計畫。這個名為“我與廣大美國選民的契約”將會保證重振美國經濟,確保國民安全。

 

“I’mnot a politician, and have never wanted to be one.But when I saw the troubleour country was in, I knew I couldn’t stand by andwatch any longer. Our countryhas been so good to me, I love our country, Ifelt I had to act,” said Mr. Trumpin his address.

 

“我從來不是,也不想成為一個政客。但當我看見我們國家的問題的時候,我知道我無法再袖手旁觀了。我們的祖國曾經施惠於我,我愛她,我感到我必須行動起來。

 

“Changehas to come from outside this broken system. Thefact that the Washingtonestablishment has tried so hard to stop our campaignis only more proof that ourcampaign represents the kind of change that onlyarrives once in a lifetime,” hecontinued.

 

“變革必須來自這個崩塌的系統的外部,而我的競選能夠代表這種一生難得的變革。建制派對我的競選的瘋狂抵制就是明證。

 

“Iam asking the American people to rise above the noiseand the clutter of ourbroken politics, and to embrace that great faith andoptimism that has alwaysbeen the central ingredient in the American character.I am asking you to dreambig.

 

我呼籲,美國人民從當下政治的嘈雜和淩亂中探起頭來,一起擁護美國精神的中流砥柱——偉大的信仰和樂觀精神。我懇請大家(對國家)有遠大的願景。(編者注:理想主義)


請請,請請,可意會不可言傳

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“Whatfollows is my 100-day action plan to Make AmericaGreat Again. It is a contractbetween Donald J. Trump and the American voter –and begins with restoringhonesty, accountability and change to Washington,” heconcluded.

 

接下來就是我的100天計畫——讓美國再次偉大. 這是特朗普和所有美國選民的關於重塑華府誠信、責任和革新的契約。

 

DONALD J. TRUMP CONTRACT WITH THE AMERICAN VOTER

 

唐納德特朗普與美國選民的契約

 

What follows is my 100-day action plan to MakeAmerica GreatAgain. It is a contract between myself and the American voter –and begins withrestoring honesty, accountability and change to WashingtonTherefore, on thefirst day of my term of office, my administration willimmediately pursue the followingsix measures to clean up the corruption andspecial interest collusion inWashington, DC:

 

接下來是我的100天行動計畫。在我就職的第一天,我的政府會立即開始執行6條措施來清除華府的腐敗和特殊利益勾結。

 

FIRST, propose a Constitutional Amendment to imposetermlimits on all members of Congress;

 

第一,起草一項憲法修正案,規定國會成員的任期有上限;

 

SECOND, a hiring freeze on all federal employees toreducefederal workforce through attrition (exempting military, public safety,andpublic health);

 

第二,所有政府部門停止招聘新的員工以削減開支(軍隊,公共安全,公共健康部門除外)

 

THIRD, a requirement that for every new federalregulation,two existing regulations must be eliminated;

 

第三,以後每產生一條新的聯邦法規,必須先廢除兩條舊的。

 

FOURTH, a 5 year-ban on White House andCongressionalofficials becoming lobbyists after they leave government service;

 

第四,規定所有白宮與國會官員離職5年之內不能擔任政治說客(公司或團體的在政府內部擁有關係、能為公司或團體謀利益的人)。

 

FIFTH, a lifetime ban on White House officialslobbying onbehalf of a foreign government;

 

第五,規定所有白宮與國會官員終身不能擔任其他國家政府的政治說客。

 

SIXTH, a complete ban on foreign lobbyists raisingmoney forAmerican elections.

 

第六,規定禁止其他國家的說客為美國大選籌款。

 

On the same day, I will begin taking the following7 actionsto protect American workers:

 

在同一天,我將開始執行以下7條措施來保護美國工人:

 

FIRST, I will announce my intention to renegotiateNAFTA orwithdraw from the deal under Article 2205

 

第一,宣佈與NAFTA重新談判、或者按照2205號檔退出協定。

 

SECOND, I will announce our withdrawal fromtheTrans-Pacific Partnership

 

第二,宣佈退出環太平洋合作組織TPP

 

THIRD, I will direct my Secretary of the Treasuryto labelChina a currency manipulator

 

第三,讓財政部長標定中國為匯率操縱國(編者注:至今還未實施);

 

FOURTH, I will direct the Secretary of Commerce andU.S.Trade Representative to identify all foreign trading abuses thatunfairlyimpact American workers and direct them to use every tool underAmerican andinternational law to end those abuses immediately

 

第四,讓商業部和美國貿易代表團裁定所有那些對美國工人不公正的非正當的國際貿易舉措,引導美國工人利用美國的國際法來終止這些不正當的貿易。(編者注:貿易保護主義)

 

FIFTH, I will lift the restrictions on theproduction oftrillion dollars’ worth of job- producing American energyreserves, includingshale, oil, natural gas and clean coal.

 

第五,減輕對價值五十萬億美元的美國能源儲備生產活動所採取的限制,包括葉岩,天然氣,清潔煤(編者注:新自由主義措施)

 

SIXTH, lift the Obama-Clinton roadblocks and allowvitalenergy infrastructure projects, like the Keystone Pipeline, to moveforward

 

第六,減輕奧巴馬和克林頓對能源基建項目所採取的限制,比如Keystone管道計畫;

 

SEVENTH, cancel billions in payments to U.N.climate change programsand use the money to fix America’s water andenvironmental infrastructure

 

第七,撤銷對聯合國氣候變化項目的高達十億美元的資助,並將這筆資金用於修復美國水資源和環境基礎建設。

 

Additionally, on the first day, I will take thefollowingfive actions to restore security and the constitutional rule of law:

 

另外,在第一天我還會採取5項措施來恢復安保和保障憲法:

 

FIRST, cancel every unconstitutional executiveaction,memorandum and order issued by President Obama

 

第一,取消所有奧巴馬發出的違憲的決策、備忘錄和法令;

 

SECOND, begin the process of selecting areplacement forJustice Scalia from one of the 20 judges on my list, who willuphold and defendthe Constitution of the United States

 

第二,開始大法官篩選程式、從20個我選出的法官中選出一位大法官的替代者。該替代者會維護和保障美國憲法。

 

THIRD, cancel all federal funding to SanctuaryCities

 

第三,取消所有對收容所城市的資助;

 

FOURTH, begin removing the more than 2 million criminalillegalimmigrants from the country and cancel visas to foreign countries thatwon’ttake them back

 

第四,開始遣返大於兩百萬的非法移民罪犯。倘若對方國家不願意接收,則取消對方國家的簽證。

 

FIFTH, suspend immigration from terror-proneregions wherevetting cannot safely occur. All vetting of people coming into ourcountry willbe considered extreme vetting.

 

第五,暫停從有恐怖主義傾向的、且移民審查失效的國家接受移民。所有來美國的移民必須接受極端審查extremevetting。

 

Next, I will work with Congress to introduce thefollowingbroader legislative measures and fight for their passage within thefirst 100days of my Administration:

 

接下來,我會和國會一起採取下面這個更廣泛的立法措施,並確保其在我上任100天內通過(國會表決)。

 

1. Middle Class Tax Relief And Simplification Act.Aneconomic plan designed to grow the economy 4% per year and create at least25million new jobs through massive tax reduction and simplification, incombinationwith trade reform, regulatory relief, and lifting the restrictionson Americanenergy.

 

第一,中產階級稅務減輕和簡化法案。這是一項旨在通過減稅和簡化稅法使得GDP增速達到4%、產生兩千五百萬個新工作的經濟計畫。同時與之配套的還會有貿易改革、寬鬆法規和減輕美國能源限制等舉措;

 

The largest tax reductions are for the middleclass. Amiddle-class family with 2 children will get a 35% tax cut. The currentnumberof brackets will be reduced from 7 to 3, and tax forms will likewise begreatlysimplified.

 

中產將得到最大的稅務減免。一個2孩的中產家庭會有35%的稅務減免。目前的稅務種類bucket?會從7種減少到3種,稅表也會相應簡化。

 

The business rate will be lowered from 35 to 15 percent,andthe trillions of dollars of American corporate money overseas can nowbebrought back at a 10 percent rate.

 

商業稅率會從35減少到15,數以萬億美元的美國企業海外資金會以10%的速度回流。

 

2. End The Offshoring Act. Establishes tariffs todiscouragecompanies from laying off their workers in order to relocate in othercountriesand ship their products back to the U.S. tax-free.

 

第二,停止離岸法案。通過設立關稅來抑制公司一些全球化的行為,比如將總部設立到海外、產品返運回美國時避稅並且解雇美國本土工人。

 

3. American Energy & Infrastructure Act. Leveragespublic-privatepartnerships, and private investments through tax incentives, tospur trillionin infrastructure investment over 10 years. It is revenueneutral.

 

第三,美國能源與基建法案。通過稅率優惠來爭取私營貸款,從而進行一項為期10年的1萬億的基建投資該項目可以確保收支平衡。

 

4. School Choice And Education Opportunity Act.Redirectseducation dollars to gives parents the right to send their kid to thepublic,private, charter, magnet, religious or home school of their choice. Endscommoncore, brings education supervision to local communities. It expands vocationalandtechnical education, and make 2 and 4-year college more affordable.

 

第四,學校選擇與教育機會法案。重新定向教育資金,從而使父母能有權利選擇送他們的孩子去公立、私立、教會、磁校、宗教或者家庭學校。取消commoncore(TheCommon Core StateStandards Initiative,是給全美所有都統一執行的從一年級到十二年級的教學品質評判標準,主要是英語和數學。川普這裡想讓每個地方政府自己定標準,以便照顧地區差異性,而不要全國統一用一樣的。),將教育監督的權利還給當地社區。這項法案會拓展職業教育和技能教育,並使2年制和4年制的大學更便宜。

 

5. Repeal and Replace Obamacare Act. Fully repealsObamacareand replaces it with Health Savings Accounts, the ability to purchasehealthinsurance across state lines, and lets states manage Medicaid funds.Reformswill also include cutting the red tape at the FDA: there are over 4,000drugsawaiting approval, and we especially want to speed the approval oflife-savingmedications.

 

第五,撤銷和替換奧巴馬醫保法案。完全撤銷奧巴馬醫保,用一項健康儲蓄帳戶替換。新的法案會讓普通人有能力在各個州購買健康保險,並讓各個州管理基金。改革同樣包括精簡FDA的新藥批准流程。目前有4000中藥物正在等待批准,我們特別希望能加速這一過程。

 

6. Affordable Childcare and Eldercare Act. AllowsAmericansto deduct childcare and elder care from their taxes, incentivizesemployers toprovide on-side childcare services, and creates tax-free DependentCare SavingsAccounts for both young and elderly dependents, with matchingcontributions forlow-income families.

 

第六,可負擔的兒童保障和老年人保障法案。兒童保障和老年人保障將可用於抵稅,從而鼓勵員工提供?兒童保障服務。同時設立免稅的、針對年輕和年邁的受扶養人的保障儲蓄帳戶。

 

7. End Illegal Immigration Act. Fully-funds theconstructionof a wall on our southern border with the full understanding thatthe countryMexico will be reimbursing the United States for the full cost ofsuch wall;establishes a 2 -year mandatory minimum federal prison sentence forillegallyre-entering the U.S. after a previous deportation, and a 5-yearmandatoryminimum for illegally re-entering for those with felony convictions,multiplemisdemeanor convictions or two or more prior deportations; also reformsvisarules to enhance penalties for overstaying and to ensure open jobs areofferedto American workers first.

 

第七,撤銷非法移民法案。全力資助南部邊境的隔離牆的修建,並確保墨西哥會補償美國的修牆支出。對於再次非法入境美國的,強制至少2年聯邦監獄服刑。對於再次非法入境美國的重罪、多次犯罪、多次遞解出境的罪犯,強制至少5年聯邦監獄服刑。同時改革簽證法規,加重對於超期滯留的處罰,並保證有新的工作機會時,美國工人被首先考慮。

 

8. Restoring Community Safety Act. Reduces surgingcrime,drugs and violence by creating a Task Force On Violent Crime andincreasingfunding for programs that train and assist local police; increasesresourcesfor federal law enforcement agencies and federal prosecutors todismantlecriminal gangs and put violent offenders behind bars.

 

第八,恢復社區安全法案。建立專項武裝部隊來減少犯罪、販毒、暴力行為,增加項目支出用以訓練和協助當地警方。增加警員數量來瓦解犯罪團夥,監禁罪犯。

 

9. Restoring National Security Act. Rebuilds ourmilitary byeliminating the defense sequester and expanding military investment;providesVeterans with the ability to receive public VA treatment or attend theprivatedoctor of their choice; protects our vital infrastructure fromcyber-attack;establishes new screening procedures for immigration to ensurethose who areadmitted to our country support our people and our values.

 

第九,恢復國家安全法案。減少協防支出,增加軍事投入,重建軍力。為退伍軍人提供公共VAtreatment (專門的管理退伍老兵的機構(DepartmentofVeterans Affairs),老兵醫療服務一般就是VAtreatment,由專門的VA醫療服務中心提供)。加強網路安全建設。建立新的移民篩選機制, 保證新移民能夠支援我們的人民和價值觀(編者注,2019年《國防預算法案》昨日獲參議院審議通過,原文請見美參議院《國防授權法案》|增加軍費,遏制中國,打擊俄羅斯、朝鮮、伊朗,反恐和關塔那摩灣)

 

10. Clean up Corruption in Washington Act. Enactsnew ethicsreforms to Drain the Swamp and reduce the corrupting influence ofspecialinterests on our politics.

 

第十,反貪腐法案。通過新的職業道德規範改革,來清除不良風氣,減少特殊利益集團對我國政治的影響。

 

On November 8th, Americans will be voting for this100-dayplan to restore prosperity to our economy, security to our communities,andhonesty to our government.

 

在十一月8號,美國人民會為我這100天計畫投票,來重新恢復我們國家經濟繁榮,社區安全和政府誠信。

 

This is my pledge to you.

 

這是我對你們的誓約

 

And if we follow these steps, we will once morehave agovernment of, by and for the people.

 

如果我們按計劃執行這些步驟,我們會再次擁有民有、民治、民享的政府。


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